Freshwater Fish Species Thailand - Thai Mahseer Fishing

Fish Species in Thailand – Freshwater Species

South Thailand’s Jungle Lake and rivers offer the angler the opportunity to catch many different fish species. Some of these fish are only found in Thailand and the neighboring countries.

The freshwater Lake where we fish; is home to some of the most popular sport fish species in Thailand. The flooded freshwater reservoir has created a perfect habitat for large populations of many different species of fish. Below you can read a description of a small selection of fish species that live in the Jungle Lake and rivers. The species listed below are all a natural part of the fish species that living in the Lake. The information on each species includes; fish identification, scientific classification, local name, common name, natural environment, and also maximum weight and maximum length. If you would like to read more generally about Snakehead. You can find that info on our Snakehead fish page here

Fish Species Thai MahseerThai Mahseer

Fish species: Tor tambroides.

Common names: Greater Brook Carp, Thai Mahseer. Thai Name: Pla Wien

Distribution: South East Asia. There are reported catches from Malaysia, Thailand, Sumatra, Java and also Borneo, and Myanmar (Burma).

Habitat: The species inhabits both clear rivers and lakes. Preferring clear well oxygenated, running water and dark environments. Mature individuals migrate upstream in the bigger rivers and spawn with the monsoon rains… Continue reading about Thai Mahseer here

Fish Species Blue MahseerBlue Mahseer

Fish species: Neolissochilus stracheyi.

Common names: Stracheyi Mahseer, Blue Mahseer. Thai Name: Pla Puang.

Distribution: in Asia from Myanmar through Thailand and possibly to the Cardamon Range, Salween, Maeklong and Chao Phraya peninsular in the Southeast Thailand river systems.

Habitat: Blue Mahseer inhabit the same locations as Thai Mahseer; clear forested streams and rivers, and like to stay close to rapids; which afford the shy and elusive Mahseer plenty of cover, and use rocky bottoms for breeding… Continue reading about Blue Mahseer here

Fish species Hampala BarbHampala Barb

Fish species: Hampala macrolepidota.

Common names: Jungle Perch, Hampala barb. Thai Name: Pla Kasoop Kit.

Distribution: South East Asia.

Habitat: It can be found in larger streams and rivers, old mining ponds, with streams running in, lakes and dams. The lake where we fish is one of the places in Thailand. Where there is a large population of Hampala Barb… Continue reading about Hampala Barb here

Fish Species Thailand Giant GouramiGiant Gourami

Fish species: Osphronemus Gourami.

Common name: Giant gourami, giant Gouramy Thai Name: Pla Let

Distribution: Found in South East Asia to Sumatra, Borneo, Java, the Malay Peninsula, Thailand and Indochina (Mekong basin)

Habitat: It inhabits fresh or brackish water. Swamps, lakes, medium to large rivers, flooded forests, and stagnant water bodies. Including sluggish flowing canals, among vegetation. It is able to breathe moist air so that they can survive… Continue reading about Giant gourami here.

Fish Species Asian River CatfishAsian River Catfish

Fish species: Hemibagrus nemurus.

Common names: River Catfish, Asian River Catfish, Green Catfish. Thai Name: Pla Kot Luang.

Distribution: Native found in the Mekong, Chao Phraya, Maeklong, Peninsular and Southeast Thailand river systems. Recorded from Chienmai (Chiang Mai), Pitsanulok, Nontaburi, Bangkok, Tachin (Samut Sakhon), Mep Poon and Tale Sap……

Habitat: Found in most habitat types, but most frequently in large muddy rivers, with a slow current and soft bottom… Continue reading about Asian River Catfish here.

Fish Species Forest SnakeheadForest Snakehead

Fish species: Channa Lucius.

Common names: Forest snakehead, Splendid Snakehead. Thai Name: Pla Ka Song.

Distribution: The Forest Snakehead is found throughout Asia, in Thailand, Japan, southern China, Viet Nam, Taiwan and in the Philippines.

Habitat: They inhabit the silty weedy bottoms of still water, but also slow-running rivers; with lots of caves and aquatic vegetation to hide in… Continue reading about Forest Snakehead here.

Fish Species Giant SnakeheadGiant Snakehead

Fish species: Channa micropeltes.

Common names: Giant snakehead, Toman, Redline snakehead. Thai Name: Pla Shado.

Distribution: It is widely distributed in the freshwaters of Southeast Asia and some regions of India.

Habitat: The natural habitats for Snakehead fish are swamps, weedy channels and lakes with densely growing vegetation… Continue reading about Giant Snakehead here.

Thai Fish Species Great SnakeheadGreat Snakehead

Fish species: Channa marulius.

Common names: Cobra Snakehead, Great Snakehead, Bulls Eye Snakehead. Thai Name: Pla Tjon Gnoo How.

Distribution: They are native to most of Southeast Asia. But have been released in many other areas; where they have adapted with great success, including different states in US

Habitat: The natural habitats for Snakehead fish are swamps, weedy channels and lakes with densely growing vegetation… Continue reading about Great Snakehead here.

Fish Species Tinfoil BarbTinfoil Barb

Fish species: Barbonymus schwanenfeldii.

Common name: Tinfoil Barb, Goldfoil Barb, Brassen barbe. Thai Name: Pla Tapien Ang Daeng.

Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

Habitat: Large Rivers as well as in streams, ditches and manmade canals and can also enter flooded fields… Continue reading about Tinfoil Barb here.

Fish Species Striped SnakeheadStriped Snakehead

Fish species: Channa striata.

Common names: Striped Snakehead, Snakehead Murrel, Common Snakehead, Chevron Snakehead. Thai Name: Pla Chon.

Distribution: This Snakehead species is native to South and Southeast Asia, covering southern China, Pakistan, most of India, Southern Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka…..

Habitat: Striped Snakehead prefer stagnant and muddy water plains; swamps and the lowland rivers, still water. Very common in medium to large rivers, brooks, flooded fields including sluggish flowing canals… Continue reading about Striped Snakehead here.

Emperor Snakehead - Thai Fish SpeciesEmperor Snakehead

Fish species: Channa marulioides.

Common name: Emperor Snakehead, Dark-fin Snakehead, Flower Snakehead, Toman Bunga. Thai Name: Pla Chon kha luang.

Distribution: Native to the freshwater habitats in southern Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Greater Sunda Islands (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes).

Habitat: Emperor Snakehead prefer larger slow-flowing rivers, lakes and swamps including sluggish flowing canals at a depth of around 0,5-2 m. They migrate into flooded fields and return to the permanent water bodies in the dry season… Continue reading about Emperor Snakehead here.

Green Arowana - Scleropages formosus - Thai FishingAsian Arowana

Species: Scleropages formosus

Common name: Asian Arowana, Green or Golden Arowana and Asian bony tongue, Dragon Fish. Thai Name: Pla Taphat ( ปลาตะพัด )

Distribution: Native to several countries in Southeast Asia. Peninsular Malaysia, Perak, Johor, and Pahang. Native to several islands of Indonesia, Sumatra, Kalimantan (Borneo), and West Papua, Thailand, Cambodia, southern Vietnam as well in Laos.

Habitat: slow-moving or still freshwater rivers. Arowana are also found in swamps and flooded forests, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs… Continue reading about Asian Arowana here.

Giant Featherback - Thai FishingGiant Featherback

Fish species: Chitala lopis.

Common names: Giant Featherback, Indonesian Featherback, Black Featherback. Thai Name: Pla Satu.

Distribution:This fish is native to freshwater habitats in Southeast Asia, particularly in countries like Thailand, Cambodia, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Java in Indonesia and Vietnam.

Habitat: Giant Featherback is often found in slow-moving or standing waters, such as rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and flooded forests. It prefers areas with dense vegetation and submerged structures like fallen trees and aquatic plants, where it can find shelter and prey. These fish are known to be sensitive to changes in water quality and temperature, so they are typically found in warmer tropical environments…. Continue reading about Giant Featherback here.

Giant Mekong Catfish

Fish species: Pangasianodon gigas.

Common name: Giant Mekong Catfish, Mekong Giant Catfish. Thai Name: Pla buk.

Distribution: They are Native to the Mekong basin in Southeast Asia. Historically, the fish’s natural range reached from the lower Mekong in Vietnam; above the tidally influenced brackish water of the river’s delta……

Habitat: Due to development and upstream damming, the species no longer inhabits the majority of its original habitat. The species is now believed to only exist in small, isolated populations in the middle Mekong region… Continue reading about Giant Mekong Catfish here.

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